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A rasszizmus és diszkrimináció ellen tüntettek Bukarestben

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2018 Július 30    Forrás: RomNetgaléria megtekintése


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Roma civil szervezetek és aktivisták tartottak tüntetést Bukarestben az olasz és az ukrán nagykövetség épülete előtt, hogy tiltakozzanak az olaszországi, romániai és ukrán roma közösségek felé irányuló erőszak ellen. 

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A mintegy ezer fővel tartott szombati megmozdulást a román aktivisták annak kapcsán szervezték, hogy Ukrajnában szélsőjobboldali paramilitáris csoportok erőszakos támadásokat intéztek roma közösségek ellen, amelyeknek halálos áldozata is, volt, valamint Olaszország belügyminisztere, Matteo Salvini romákat összeíró szándéka ellen emeljenek szót. A tiltakozók arra is felhívtűk a figyelmet, hogy a román kormány sem tett erőfeszítéseket a romákkal szembeni rasszizmus és az elítéletek leküzdésére.

 

Az ukrán atrocitások és az olasz cigányellenes kormányzati nyilatkozat miatt Ukrajnában és Szerbiában, valamint az Európai Unió több tagállamában - többek között - Bulgáriában, Olaszországban, Spanyolországban, Lengyelországban, Szlovákiában, Franciaországban, Macedóniában, Csehországban, és Budapesten is tartanak tiltakozó megmozdulásokat roma civil szervezetek és aktivisták a napokban a roma holokauszt nemzetközi emléknapjához kapcsolódva.

 

 Tüntetés Bukarestben 1 Tüntetés Bukarestben

 

Tüntetés Bukarestben 2 Tüntetés Bukarestben 3

 

Tüntetés Bukarestben 4 Tüntetés Bukarestben 6

Tüntetés Bukarestben 7  Tüntetés Bukarestben 8

 

 

A romániai roma szervezetek tiltakozó kiáltványa:

 

Aresel! Basta! Enough!

- MANIFEST -

 

We, Roma and non – Roma citizens of Romania, are protesting against the violence directed at Roma communities in Italy, Romania, and Ukraine, following the declarations and actions of national government representatives and of far – right paramilitary groups.

The Roma, who have been citizens of Romania since its founding, have contributed to Romanian culture, economy, and society. However, the Romanian government has not made strong efforts to combat Anti – Roma racism and prejudice. The Romanian centenary can mark the moment when the state takes responsibility of all its citizens.

 

We are protesting because:

 

ROMANIA:

According to public opinion surveys, Roma are the ethnic minority that is most vulnerable to racism and discrimination. In the case of Romania, hate directed towards ethnic Roma is caused by the lack of a coherent agenda to combat racism and discrimination. The lack of a key institution to propagate historic actuality and a truthful image of Roma (museums, theaters, and school textbooks), also upholds the negative perception of Roma in Romania.

 

The anti – Roma racism prevalent in Romania is particular, taking into account the long period of Roma slavery in Moldova and Muntenia (500 years), the deportations that took place during WWII, and the aggressive assimilation policies enacted during the communist period. After the revolution of 1989, Roma in Romania were subjected to multiple facets of interethnic conflict, stemming from the racism promoted through local and central public institutions which resulted in discrimination through lack of access to education, healthcare, and housing. In recent years there have been cases of forced evacuations of Roma, where authorities did not provide an alternative housing situation, such as in Cluj (Pata Rât, Coastei), Eforie Sud, Alba Iulia (Turturica), Lugoj, Timișoara (Piața Traian), Dej, Constanța (Anadalchioi, Palas), Mangalia, Iași (Păcurari), București (Vulturilor și Sfinților), and Focșani (Blocul “Nato”).

  

UKRAINE: The far – right paramilitary groupings “Sober and Angry Youth” violently murdered two citizens of Roma ethnicity. They destroyed housing in which Roma resided, and burned nurseries and churches frequented by the Roma community.

May 9th – An extermist group set fire to a Roma camp in the Liov region.

May 23rd – 12 men armed with bats and firearms attacked a Roma camp in the Ternopil region. After they drove the 7 adults and 33 Roma children out of the camp, the attackers set fire to the camp.

June 23rd – An ultra-nationalist grouping armed with knives attacked a Roma dwelling in western Ukraine. “UAU” murdered a young Roma man named David Popp, age 24, and injured multiple people, including a child. This is the sixth attack of racist background in Ukraine in the  course of two months. “Sober and Angry Youth” are considered to be behind 24 racist attacks.

July 2nd – A man attacked a Roma woman and slit her throat in public.

 

ITALY: Matteo Salvini, Minister of the Interior and Deputy Prime Minister, a far – right politician, proposed conducting a census of the Roma community without clearly explaining the scope of this action. Conducting a census on a single ethnic group can lead to racist political measures, as it happened in Italy in 1938 under Mussolini.

Following Interior Minister Matteo Salvini's remarks, many Romanian citizens of Roma ethnicity were deported and their dwellings in Rome were destroyed at the initiative of local authorities. The city hall of Rome wants to deport 400 Roma who have lived in the respective improvised camp for years.

July 19th – Following this racist attack, a Roma girl of Romanian nationality named Cerasela, age 1 year and 3 months, was shot in the back while she was being held in her mother's arms.

 

For these reasons, WE DEMAND:

 

In Romania

  1. That the Romanian government takes responsibility for all of its citizens (regardless of their ethnicity) and publicly combats any racist or xenophobic act towards its citizens through the power of its ministries.
  2. Emergency intervention of representatives of the Romanian government to ensure that the rights of the diaspora of Romanian citizens of Roma ethnicity are recognized and respected.
  3. The organization of concrete actions for supporting the communities formed of Romanian citizens in countries where migration and mobility are common, such as Italy, Spain, the UK, Sweden, Norway, Belgium, France, Finland, and others.
  4. Establishing a governmental “lookout” or “observer” for racism and xenophobia which should function in Romania, as well as in countries where there is a large flow of mobility from Romanian citizens, its role being to draw the authorities' attention to incidents of this nature and to propose measures to be enacted. 
  5. The implementation and budgeting of a national strategy benefiting the Roma community, the reform of institutions that work for the inclusion of Roma;
  6. The elaboration and implementation of a national program to combat anti – Roma racism in Romania and in countries where there is a flow of international mobility;
  7. Consolidation of the National Center for Roma Culture through the allocation of spaces to be used for the foundation of a Roma theater and a Roma museum;
  8. That the Romanian government elaborate and implement a național program to combat anti-Roma racism în Romania, as well as in countries where international mobility is common;
  9. That the National Audiovisual Council sanction hate speech and the spreading of stereotypes of Roma on radio and television channels, according to the existing legislation.

 

In Ukraine:

  1. That the national authorities ensure the protection of citizens of Roma ethnicity and combat far – right paramilitary groupings with all of their resources.
  2. Intensifying the presence of law enforcement officers in Roma communities for their protection;
  3. That they (the national authorities) ensure a good co-operation with representatives of the Roma communities of Ukraine.
  4. That they identify and dismiss law enforcement officers that passively assisted the racist anti – Roma attacks.
  5. That they dismiss all police force officers with racist sympathies
  6. That they take all necessary measures to identify and hold accountable all people responsible for the racist anti – Roma attacks.

 

 

In Italy:

  1. The withdrawal of statements aimed at conducting a census of Roma (or of nomadic citizens) and the condemnation of all forms of racism by Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte;
  2. The identification and condemnation of those who committed acts of violence against Roma communities;
  3. The further implementation and budgeting of the national strategy for the inclusion of Roma undertaken by the Italian government in the period of February 2012 – 2020;
  4. That the Italian political class takes responsibility and combats all forms of discrimination, xenophobia, islamophobia, and racism.

 

In Europe:

  1. That the European Commission intensify the monitoring of anti – Roma racism in member states, with the aim of identifying shortfalls from the principles of the European Union and combating them through institutional means;
  2. That within the framework of the Fundamental Rights Agency, a directorate be formed under Roma leadership to monitor the situation of Roma communities in all member states;
  3. Permanent monitoring, including that of the discriminatory policies and declarations of national and local authorities, as part of the European Strategic Framework for National Strategies for Roma Inclusion;
  4. That in case of emergency, the European Commission call on the infringement procedure for EU member states that do not drastically penalize racist hate crimes.
  5. That the financing policies be reformed so that they directly support victims of hate crimes, including the direct support of legal proceedings;

 

Of the associative Roma movements and Roma population of Romania:


  1. Solidarity against racism! Only together will we be able to combat such a scourge, each of our voices being equally important;
  2. Respect for the laws of each state and the encouragement of relationships based on equality and respect for each other, regardless of the ethnicity, gender, religion, sexual orientation, or social status of others. 
  3. That the role of NGO's is not to fill in for the role of the authorities, on the contrary, it is to monitor and to report abuses, ignorance, and the lack of initiative in certain domains; 
  4. Roma, regardless of nation, social status, geographic region, religion, adherence to tradition or modernity, rural or urban upbringing, speakers or non – speakers of the Romani language, or economic standing, face the same issues when they encounter racism and discrimination. From this point of view, there is no diversity, but only an ethnic group vulnerable to racism. We have a duty to fight together, through peaceful means, against what has kept us captive in a vicious cycle for centuries.

 

We, the protesters of Romania, demand that all governments of the states of Europe adopt and implement pro-active measures to combat inequality, discrimination, racism, xenophobia, anti-Semitism, anti-Islamism, mysoginsm, homophobia, and classism. We demand that the Romanian authorities, responsible for the situation of the Roma community of Romania – living in Romania and in other countries – to take on the responsibility it has to protect its citizens.

 

The Romanian centenary does not just value folklore, but also the respect for all citizens of Romania, a powerful state that should represent our interests and should be capable to guarantee our safety.



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